Pugs are undoubtedly the most popular small dog breed in India and a lot of pug owners have been asking us what to feed their pug and how much. While food portion quantity matters less for other dogs who know how much to eat, pugs can be endless eaters. Unless you give specific amounts, chances are your pug will grow obese very soon. While a fat pug is still cute, obesity has detrimental effects on pug’s lifespan, mobility and can lead to skin problems and hip bending. Care should be taken to stick to recommended portions of meal suggested and not exceed even if your dog is urging for more feed.
Pug puppy (0-3 months): It’s unlikely your breeder will allow you to take the puppy home till 45 days age while the puppy must be kept with mother. If you have got an adopted one whose age is below 45 days and has no living mother, you can feed the puppy milk replacers like Beaphar lactol, choostix petasure or royal canin babydog milk. Cow milk cerelac is not recommended. Not only human cerelac causes loose motion, it may result in stunted growth as well. Mother’s milk, if available is still the best option at this age.
After 45 days age, you can go for starter dry food of any brand like drools starter, royal canin mini starter, farmina puppy starter or a brand you like. Starter dry food can be fed to both mother and puppy till 3 months age. If starter kibble is too hard for your puppy to chew, you can add water in it, blend in a grinder and make a mixture that can be fed by feeding bottle. You can feed a pug puppy up to 125g of feed combined at this age. Home-made food can be fed as well. If you are feeding cooked meat, remove bones. Pugs like to eat and if puppy shows signs that he/ she is full, don’t force it.
Pug puppy (3-12 months):This is the ideal growing stage of the puppy. Your puppy will gain the maximum in mass, length and height at this age span. You can feed junior dry food at this age of your choice brand or home-made food like chicken rice or curd rice.
Feed the puppy not more than 3 times a day even if puppy acts like he.he is hungry, You can give up to 175g a day divided into separate meals. Make sure food is rich in protein quantity.
Ideal choices can be home-made boneless chicken rice, Royal Canin mini junior, farmina low grain puppy, acana small breed puppy, Hill’s science plan small and toy breed puppy etc.Water should be kept available at all times while feeding dry food. Puppy weight needs to be monitored every month.
Pug adult (12 months+): Your pup has become an adult now. Go safely for any kibble your puppy likes, brand should depend on budget. Some good choices are royal canin pug adult, farmina chicken pomegranate mini adult, orijen original, acana small breed adult etc.
Pugs live longer(12-15 years) than most dogs like labs. A healthy diet at adult age is important to maintain immune functions and prolong life-span to the maximum extent.
It’s unlikely your pug will grow in length and breadth at this age but food quantity need to be monitored to prevent obesity. Feed no more than 200g a day divided into two meals. Pugs will keep eating even if you give 500g, but that’s unhealthy. Quantity should be monitored closely depending on body weight.
If fed home-made food, amount should be almost same a dry food, a home-made meal like chicken-veggie can be as nutritious as dry food if not more.
A pug can also start eating the left-over food of other dogs if you have multiple dogs in the household, which should be avoided.Most reputable brands have different calorie concentration in their diet. So, recommended portions can differ to some extent across brands, you can also look at feeding instructions on packaging of food product for required amount or take advice from a practicing veterinarian. Portions should be increased or decreased based on puppy’s metabolism and a close watch should be kept on puppy weight.
Whenever you are eating, pugs may act like they are hungrier now than ever and want some. Keep them away from human feed at all times. Don’t let family members give pugs even a tiny share of their food as the cumulative effect can be huge. Also, keep yourself and those around your pug informed about things which can be poisonous and unhealthy for most dogs like chocolate or citrus fruits like orange and never feed your pug these.
Help, my pug is fat and wants to eat all the time?
You are not alone. Most pugs become obese even if owner tried to restrict food quantity. If your pug is fat, you need to go for less fat rich and more protein rich food. Stop giving starch-rich food like human biscuits.
Keep your pug as active as possible. While pugs are not suitable for rigorous exercise, regular walking or mild sprinting can increase muscle mass and reduce obesity.
Example: if you are feeding chicken rice, remove the rice and give only chicken.
If you are feeding a regular dry food like Royal canin pug adult, opt for veterinary obesity food like royal canin satiety, drools vet pro obesity or acana light and fit. Protein-rich diet will help make your pug feel fuller with small quantities of feed. It is recommended to consult a practicing veterinarian in case your puppy is growing excessively obese for a better customized diet.
Are you following any other diet for your pug and getting exceptional results? Do let us know in the comments below.